Dentistry and Practices [ISSN: 2581-4990]

Abstract

Periodontal Health in Pregnant Women Study of 208 Pregnancies at Chu Gabriel Touré. Bamako. Mali

Author(s): Diawara O, Kané AST, Ba B, Niang A, Tchonang Mani ED, Bocoum A, Ba M, Traore Y, Diop S

Introduction: The aims of this study was to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of periodontal disease observed in pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in the Department of Obstetric Gynecology CHU- Gabriel Touré of Bamako. 
Materials and Methods: We realized a transverse, analytical study based on the observation of the periodontal status of pregnant women over 2 months (May-July 2013), 208 observations identified prenatally. Data were collected from medical records, entered and analyzed using SPSS 19.0 software. 
Results: We included 189 cases (90, 90 %). The age group most affected was that of 20-29 years (52, 40 %) with a mean age of 26, 88 and extremes ranging from 10 to 45 years. Married women were represented, with 94, 70 % of the cases, they were multigravidae in 71, 00 % of cases. Housewives accounted for 40, 40 %. HIV positive women represented 14, 00 % of the sample. The CPITN index corresponding to the scaling was greater in patients, between 11 weeks and 41 weeks ‘gestation. 
Conclusion: This study shows the high frequency of periodontal disease in pregnant women, hence the importance of partnership between healths professional’s reproduction and those of oral cavity, but also the systematic integration of oral assessment during prenatal consultations.

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