Journal of Nutrition and Dietetic Practice

Abstract

The Link between Dietary Patterns and Lifestyle, and the Risk of Getting Type 2 Diabetes in Adults at a Local Central Hospital, Zimbabwe

Author(s): Matiringe I and Chideya L

The increased rate at which diabetes is occurring in Zimbabwe is alarming. The dietary counseling sessions delivered at a local hospital during a period of seven months (July 2013 to February 2014) revealed that more than three quarters of the patients were diabetics and this prompted the carrying out of the research study. The study was aimed at determining the frequency at which dietary patterns and lifestyle factors contribute to type 2diabetes and also determine the main behavioural patterns in terms of dietary and lifestyle among the people of Zimbabwe. A cross-sectional study design was used and a quantitative research approach was employed where a questionnaire was used to collect data from January to February 2014. Stratified random sampling was used to select the sample size. The study findings indicated that many of the participants were obese and overweight. Most of them were females and did not attain a higher level of education thereby affecting their lifestyle and dietary patterns. They did physical activity but for less than thirty minutes and not for at least four times a week. Their dietary patterns were comprised of high fiber and high fat foods. This led to the conclusion that there is link between dietary patterns and lifestyle, and the risk of getting type 2diabetes. The researcher recommended regular diabetes tests for individuals above forty years and launching of awareness campaigns.
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